Paul Tudor Jones says companies can no longer exist just to maximize profits
Longtime hedge fund manager Paul Tudor Jones on Wednesday critiqued the long-held belief that companies should exist for the sole purpose of generating profits.
Jones, whose remarks came during a JUST Capital event with CNBC’s Andrew Ross Sorkin, said it’s that philosophy that allows corporate boards to neglect issues of equity in the workplace and ultimately undermine the stability of broader U.S. society.
“When you just look and say that the only thing that a company has to worry about is making a profit, it gives that company a pass not to pay attention to pay equity, not to pay attention to gender equity, not to pay attention to racial equality. Not to pay attention to a whole host of social factors that at the end of the day are the basis and the foundation of a strong, vibrant society,” Jones said.
The event, hosted by JUST Capital and Laurel Strategies, included Nasdaq CEO Adena Friedman and Vista Equity Partners CEO Robert Smith. The group discussed ways in which the broader business community can improve its role when faced with events like the Covid-19 crisis or the unrest sparked by the death of George Floyd in Minneapolis last month and broader inequality in the U.S.
“When the pandemic hit, it’s no wonder that the greatest social problem manifested itself in the country with the most fragile social infrastructure,” Jones added. He applauded the Business Roundtable’s decision in 2019 to formally redefine the purpose of a corporation to include “all stakeholders,” including employees, customers and the broader population.
At the event, Jones challenged the teachings of Milton Friedman, the U.S. economist who famously argued in 1970 that companies exist solely to maximize profits. The fund manager blasted that view as “very narrow, myopic and transactional” and blamed that idea for helping to undermine the social and civil rights changes sought throughout the 1960s.
Jones, whose investment prowess first came to acclaim after he predicted and profited from the 1987 stock-market crash, is the Chairman of JUST Capital, a nonprofit that collects data on, analyzes and ranks public U.S. companies based on metrics such as worker pay disparity, customer relations and environmental impact.
Jones and others believe that investments in companies that seek to mitigate their environmental impact and institute good governance, hiring and equality practices are a prudent way to allocate cash in the long term. And catalytic events like the Covid-19 pandemic are expected to continue to drive cash into so-called ESG investing, which evaluates a company’s environmental, social and governance ratings.
Ethics aside, such ESG funds are drawing record levels of cash because they’re proving that they can offer comparable, if not market-beating, returns.
Jones, for example, worked with Goldman Sachs in 2018 to launch the JUST U.S. Large Cap Equity ETF, a fund that tracks the equity performance of the companies ranked by JUST Capital. The fund is outperforming the S&P 500 year to date as well as over the last 12 months with a gain of 12.07% through Tuesday’s close.
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